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央视消息: 重磅宣布!《新疆的多少汗青题目》白皮书(全文)


作者: | 来历: 央视消息客户端 | 点击数: | 宣布时候: 2019年07月22日

guowuyuanxiaoxibangongshijintian(21ri)banfa《xinjiangdeduoshaohanqingtimu》baipishu。quanwenyixia:

xinjiangdeduoshaohanqingtimu

(2019nian7yue)

zhonghuagongmingongheguo

guowuyuanxiaoxibangongshi

muci

meijie

yi、xinjiangshizhongguoheshanbukepengfendeyijubu

er、xinjiangxianglaibushi“dongtujuesitan”

san、xinjianggeminzushizhonghuaminzudegouchengjubu

si、weiwuerzushidianmochijiuqianyironghuigouchengde

wu、xinjianggeminzuwenmingshizhonghanwenmingdegouchengjubu

liu、xinjiangxianglaishiduozhongzongjiaobingcundediyu

qi、yisilanjiaobushiweiwuerzushengchengchongfengqieduyichongfengdezongjiao

junshiyu

媒介

zhongguoxinjiangweiwuerzizhiqudichuzhongguodongnan,weiyuyaoudaluyaodi,yumengguguo、eluosi、hasakesitan、jierjisisitan、tajikesitan、afuhan、bajisitan、yindu8geguodujiaojie,wenmingde“sichouzhilu”zaicijianggudaizhongguoyutianxiajieqiaqilai,shiqichengweiduozhongwenmingdejujizhidi。

zhongguoshitongyideduominzuguodu,xinjianggeminzushizhonghuaminzuxuemaixiangliandejiatingchengyuan。zairongzhangdehanqingchengzhanglichengzhong,xinjiangdeyunqiyixiangyujudaguguohezhonghuaminzudeyunqishenmixianglian。danshi,yigeqijianyilai,jingbiaoliyouhaoquanshi,chugeshiminzugeliequanshi、zongjiaojiduquanshi、baolikehaiquanshi(yixiajiancheng“sanguquanshi”),weiledaodagelie、zhijiezhongguodefangzhen,xuyiqujiehanqing、hunhezhangduan。tameneshaxinjiangshizhongguoguyouheshan,fourenxinjiangziguyilaibianshiduominzujuju、duowenmingjiaohuan、duozongjiaobingcundengkeguanxianshi,wangchengxinjiangwei“dongtujuesitan”,xuanhuaxinjiang“zili”,guijibaxinjianggeminzuhezhonghuaminzudashiting、xinjianggeminzuwenmingheduoyuanyitidezhonghanwenminggeliekailai。

hanqingburongcuangai,xianshiburongfouren。xinjiangshizhongguochonggaoheshanbukepengfendeyijubu,xinjiangxianglaidoubushishenme“dongtujuesitan”;weiwuerzushidianmochijiuqianyironghuigouchengde,shizhonghuaminzudegouchengjubu;xinjiangshiduowenmingduozongjiaobingcundediyu,xinjianggeminzuwenmingshizaizhonghanwenmingduliangzhongyunyuchengzhangde;yisilanjiaobushiweiwuerzushengchengchongfengqieduyichongfengdezongjiao,yuzhonghanwenmingxiangronghuideyisilanjiaozhagenzhonghuagaorangbingankangchengzhang。

一、新疆是中国河山不可朋分的一局部

zhongguotongyiduominzuguodudegoucheng,shijingjishehuichengzhangdehanqingbiran。hanqingshang,buyuzhonghuaminzujiqixianmindedongyadalu,jiyounonggengqu,yeyouyoumuqudeng。geleichuchanhukoutilizuqundejiaohuanhubu、qianyihuiju、dichuronghui,biancelezhongguotongyiduominzuguodudegouchenghechengzhang。

zhongguohanqingshangzuizaodejigewangchaoxia、shang、zhouqianhouzaihuaxiadiyuguqi,yuqisizhoudejuxishizu、buluo、buluotongmengzhuburonghuigouchengdezuquntongchengweizhuxiahuohuaxia。jingnianlingzhizhanguo,huaxiazuqunbushitongwangchaozhoubiandeshizu、buluo、buluotongmengjiaohuanronghui,zhubugouchengleqi、chu、yan、han、zhao、wei、qindeng7gediyu,bingbielijieqiazhedongyi、nanman、xirong、beididengzhoubianzhuzu。gongyuanqian221nian,qinshihuangjianlidiyigetongyidefengjianwangchao。gongyuanqian202nian,hangaozuliubangzaicijianlitongyidefengjianwangchao。

conghanchaozhiqingchaozhongchuqi,baohanxinjiangtianshannanbeizaineidefanbodiyutongchengweixiyu。zihanchaoqitou,xinjiangdiyuzhengshichengweizhongguofuyuandeyijubu。hanchaojinhou,lidaihuaxiawangchaoshiqiangshiruo,hexiyudeganxiyoushuyoumi,zhongjianzhengquanduixinjiangdiyudeguanzhishijinshisong,danrenheyigewangchaodoubaxiyushiweiguxiang,caozongzheduigaidiyudetonglingquan。zaizhongguotongyiduominzuguodudehanqingyanjinzhong,xinjianggezugongmintongtianxiagongminyidaopeihekaipilezhongguodeguangkuanheshan,peihechuangzuofamingleduoyuanyitidezhonghuaminzudashiting。zhongguoduominzudayitongkuanshi,shibaohanxinjianggezugongminzaineidequanbuzhonghuahoudaipeihedouzhengpeiyude。

xihanqianqi,zhongguonanfangyoumuminzuxiongnujiezhixiyudiyu,bingbushipengjichongjihuaxiadiyu。hanwudidengjihou,jienayixiliejunshihezhengzhibanfahaijixiongnu。gongyuanqian138nian、gongyuanqian119nian,diaopaizhangqianliangcichushixiyu,lianxiyueshi、wusundengpeiheduiyuxiongnu。gongyuanqian127niandagongyuanqian119nian,3cishoubingzhongchuangxiongnu,bingzaibianjiangtongwangxiyudeyanhouyaodaoqianhousheliwuwei、zhangye、jiuquan、dunhuangsijun。gongyuanqian101nian,zailuntaidengditingzhituntian,bingshezhichusuoshihuanbanli。gongyuanqian60nian,jiezhidongbutianshanbeiludexiongnurizhuwangjianghan,xihantongyixiyu。tongnian,shexiyudouhufuzuoweibanlixiyudejunzhengjigou。gongyuan123nian,donghangaixiyudouhufuweixiyuzhangshifu,yanxucaozongbanlixiyudequanbing。

sanguocaoweizhengquandanrenhanzhi,zaixiyushewujixiaowei。xijinzaixiyushezhixiyuzhangshihewujixiaoweibanlijunzhengshiwu。sanguoliangjinqijian,nanfangxiongnu、xianbei、dingling、wuhuandengminzujubuneiqianbingzuihouyuhanzuronghui。327nian,qianliangzhengquanchucijiangjunxianzhituixingdaoxiyu,shegaochangjun(tulufanpendi)。cong460niandao640nian,yitulufanpendiweizhongjian,jianlileyihanbaochouzhutizhumindegaochangguo,likan、zhang、ma、quzhushi。suidai,junshilehuaxiachijiupanjuzhuangkuang,kuozhanlejunxianzhizaixinjiangdiyudefanwei。tujue、tuguhun、dangxiang、jialiangyi、fuguodengzhoubianminzuqianhouguifusuichao。tangchao,zhongjianzhengquanduixiyudebanlidaweizengqiang,qianhoushezhianxidadouhufuhebeitingdadouhufu,zonglantianshannanbei。yutianwangguozichengtangchaozongshu,suitangchaoguoxingli。songchao,xiyuchusuozhengquanyusongchaoduizhizhechaogongganxi。gaochanghuiguzunzhongchao(song)weijiu,zichengxizhouwaisheng。kalahanwangchaolvcipaiqingniaoshixiangsongchaochaogong。yuanchao,shebeitingdouyuanshuaifu、xuanweisidengbanlijunzhengshiwu,zengqiangleduixiyudetongling。1251nian,xiyushishixingshengzhi。mingchao,zhongjianzhengquanshelihamiweizuoweibanlixiyushiwudejigou,bingzaijiayuguanhehamizhijianqianhoujianlianjing、aduan、quxian、handong、chijinmenggu、shazhou6gewei,yicichengchibanlixiyushiwu。qingchao,qingdangjuandingzhungaerbingbian,zhongguodongnanbantudeyikending。erhou,duixinjiangdiyushishilejiabeixitongdeguanlizhengce。1762niansheliyilijiangjun,shishijunzhengheyidejunfuxitongtili。1884nianzaixinjiangdiyujiansheng,bingqu“guxiangxingui”zhiyi,gaichengxiyuwei“xinjiang”。1912nianxinjiangzidonghuyingxinhaifandong,chengweizhonghuaminguodeyigexingsheng。

1949nianzhonghuagongmingongheguojianli,xinjiangzhandoushufu。1955nianjianlixinjiangweiwuerzizhiqu。zaizhongguogongchandangdailingxia,xinjianggezugongmintongtianxiagongminpeihelianhedouzheng,xinjiangjinruhanqingshangzuihaodefanhuachengchijiujian。

zaichijiudehanqinglichengzhong,zhongguoheshanjiyoupanjuqijianyouyoutongyiqijian,tongyiyupanjuguadailunhui,guodutongyichengzhangyixiangshizhiliubiaodemude。tonghuaxiadiyuchabieqijiancengcunzaizhuhouguohuopanjuzhengquanyiyang,xinjiangdiyuyelvcixianxianchusuozhengquanpanjuhuanjing,danbuguanzheixiezhengquanpanjushihouyouduozhang、changhepaichangyouduoyanjun,zhongjiudouzouxiangcongtoutongyi。hanqingshang,xiyuchabieqijiancengcunzaide“guo”,baohanchengguozhuguo、xingguo、fengguo、wangguo、hanguo、wangchao、shuguo、chaogongguodengxingzhuang,buguanshihanchaoxiyusanshiliuguo,rengshisongchaokalahanwangchao、gaochanghuiguwangguodeng,yuanchaochahetaihanguo,mingchaoyeerqianghanguo,doushizhongguobianjingneidechusuozhengquanqingshi,doubushizilideguodu。jishishichusuopanjuzhengquan,yedouyouchoumidezhongguoyitishuxi,huoyiweibenshenshihuaxiazhengquandefenzhi,huochenshuyuhuaxiazhengquan。songchaowenminghanqingwenxian《tujueyudacishu》jiangneishizhongguofenweishangqin、zhongqinhexiaqin3jubu,shangqinweibeisong,zhongqinshiliaochao,xiaqinweikashengaeryidai,sanweiyitiweiwanzhengdeqin。zai《zhangchunzhenrenxijixing》zhonghanrenbeichengweitaohuashi,xiangyingzai《tujueyudacishu》citiaoli,huigurenbeichengweitate·taohuashi,yeyoudezhiyiweizhongguohuiguren。zaikalahanwangchaohuobishang,changyoutaohuashi·bugelahan、qinzhiwangheqinyudongfangzhiwangdengchenghao,biaoshishizhongguodeyijubu。

二、新疆向来不是“东突厥斯坦”

tujueshi6shijizhongyeguqiyuaertaishandiyudeyigeyoumubuluo,yu552nianfumierouranhanguo,jianlitujuehanguo。583nian,tujuehanguoyiaertaishanweijie,fenweidong、xiliangdaquanshi。630nian,tangchaochubingjibaidongtujuehanguo。657nian,tangchaolianxihuihemiexitujuehanguo,zhongjianzhengquanwanzhengtongyixiyu。682nian,andunzainanfangdedongtujuebuzhongpannitangchao,yidujianlilehoutujuehanguozhengquan。744nian,tangchaoyumobeihuihe、geluoludenglianshouandinglehoutujuehanguo。huiheshoujigulipeiluoyingongbeifengjueweihuairenkehan,zaimobeijianlihuihehanguo。tujuezuowei极速飞艇游戏下载 guogudaideyigeyoumuminzu,yegenzhehanguodeshuaiwangyu8shijizhongqianqibengkui,bingzaixiqianzhongyaxiyalichengzhongyubendibuzuronghui,gouchengduogexindeminzu,xindeminzuyugutujueminzuyoushizhiqufen。jinhou,tujuezai极速飞艇游戏下载 guonanfangjiaruhanqingwutai。

zhongguohanqingshangxianglaibubaxinjiangchengwei“dongtujuesitan”,gengbucunzaisuoweide“dongtujuesitanguo”。18shijizhi19shijishangbanye,genzhedongfangduiaertaiyuxitujueyuzugeleishuohuadefenbie,yixieguodudexuezhehezuojiapinrengcaozong“tujuesitan”yici,zhidaitianshanyinandaoafuhanbeibu,dazhibaohanxinjiangnanbudaozhongyadediyu,bingqiexiqiyipamiergaoyuanweijie,jiangzheiyidiyudiyufenwei“xitujuesitan”he“dongtujuesitan”。19shijimo20shijichu,“fantujuezhuyi”“fanyisilanzhuyi”sichaochuanruxinjiangjinhou,jingbiaoligeliequanshijiangzheigediyumingcizhengzhihua,jiangqineizaikuozhanhua,xuanhuatongtongcaozongtujueyuzushuohuahechongfengyisilanjiaodeminzulianxiqilai,gouchengzhengjiaoheyide“dongtujuesitanguo”。suoweide“dongtujuesitan”lundiao,chengweijingbiaoliminzugeliequanshi、waiyangfanhuaquanshiguijigeliezhongguo、zhijiezhongguodezhengzhigongjuhebulvgangyao。

三、新疆各民族是中华民族的构成局部

zhonghuaminzudegouchengyuchengzhang,shihuaxiagezuhewenmingtongzhoubianzhuzuhewenmingyanxubushilaiwangjiaohuanronghuidehanqinglicheng。xianqinqijiandehuaxiazuqun,dianmochijiuyusizhouzuqundeduoyuanronghui,chugeshidianmonianlingzhanguo500yuniandadongluandejiaohuiyuronghui,zhiqinhanzhiji,jinyibuyusizhouzuqunronghuiweiyiti,gouchengyihuaxiashengchizhandadoudehanzu,bingjinhouchengweizhongguohanqinglichengdezhutiminzu。weijinnanbeichaoqijian,geminzuchugeshinanfangdadouminzuxianghuaxiadaqianyi,xianxianledaronghuidechanghepaichang。13shijiyuanchaojianli,fanweijuehoudezhengzhitongyichanghepaichangbiancelefanweijuehoudeminzuqianyi,gouchengleyuanchaojingneibianjideminzuhunjuchanghepaichang。zhonghuageminzuzaichijiuchengzhangzhong,zhongjiugouchengdahunju、xiaojujudesanbutedian。duominzushizhongguodeyidatedian,geminzupeihekaipileguguodemeiliheshan、guangmaobianjing,peihedizaoleyouzhangdezhongguohanqing、canbaodezhonghanwenming。

xinjiangdiyuzigujiutonghuaxiadiyuduizhizhejinmiqinmijieqia。zaozaishangchao,huaxiatongxiyujiuyouyushishangye。hanchaozhangqian“zaokongxiyu”maitongsichouzhilu,qingniaoshixiangwangyudao,shanglvbujueyutu。tangchao“juanmatongshang”yanxumaosheng,“cantiankehanxiaodao”zongguanbianjiang,yantuyizhanlincizhibi,chengweixiyuxianmintonghuaxiajinmiqinmijieqiadeniudai。yutianle、gaochangle、huxuanwudengxiyulewushenqiegongting,zhanganchengfengxingxiyufeng。chuzijinxinjiangkuchedeguizilexiangyuhuaxia,chengweisuitangzhisongchaogongtingyanledeshouyaogouchengjubu。jindaiyilai,zaizhonghuaminzumianduishengsishengsideqiuzhujinjiguanjian,xinjianggezugongmintongtianxiagongminyidao,dousoudidang、gongfuguonan,peihepuxielebeixijiaojideaiguozhuyipianzhang。xinzhongguojianliyilai,xinjianggeminzuganxijinruhuayi、lianhe、hezuo、xiediaodexinqijian。

xinjiangziguyilaibianshiduominzujujudiyu。zuizaokaipixinjiangdiyudeshixianqinzhiqinhanqijianhukouzaitianshannanbeidesairen、yueshiren、wusunren、qiangren、guiziren、yanqiren、yutianren、shuleren、shacheren、loulanren、cheshiren,hexiongnuren、hanrendeng。weijinnanbeichaoqijiandexianbei、rouran、gaoche、yanda、tuguhun,suitangqijiandetujue、tufan、huihe,songliaojinqijiandeqidan,yuanmingqingqijiandemenggu、nvzhen、dangxiang、hasake、keerkezi、man、xibo、dawoer、hui、wuzibieke、tataerzudeng,meiyigehanqingqijiandouyoubaohanhanzuzaineidechabieminzudeduoliangshengchishouzhixinjiangdiyu,dailailechabiedechuchanshouyi、wenmingkanfa、fengshangxiqi,zaijiaohuanronghuizhongzengjinjingjishehuichengzhang,tamenshixinjiangdiyudepeihekaipizhe。zhi19shijimo,yiyouweiwuer、han、hasake、menggu、hui、keerkezi、man、xibo、tajike、dawoer、wuzibieke、tataer、eluosideng13geshouyaominzujiayuxinjiang,gouchengweiwuerzushengchizhandadou、duominzujujusanbudekuanshi。geminzuzaixinjiangdiyudianmodanyu、fenjie、ronghui,gouchenglexuenongyushui、tonggangongkudeganxi。geminzudouweikaipi、fuzhi、baoweixinjiangzuochuleshouyaojinxian,doushixinjiangdepuren。jinchao,xinjianggonghukouzhe56geminzu,shizhonggongminzuchengfenzuiquandeshengjixingzhengquzhiyi。cizhong,kuayue100wanshengchideyouweiwuerzu、hanzu、hasakezuhehuizu4geminzu,kuayue10wanshengchideyoukeerkezizu、mengguzu2geminzu。xinjiangdiyujishixinjianggeminzudeguli,yeshizhonghuaminzupeihegulidegouchengjubu。

xinjiangdiyuminzuganxideyanbian,yixianghezhonghuageminzuganxiyanbianxiangjieqia。geminzuyougemodichugengyoujiaohuanronghui,lianheningji、peihefenjinyixiangshizhiliu。baohanxinjianggeminzuzaineidezhonghuageminzu,sanbushangjiaozhihunju,jingjishangbiciyicun,wenmingshangjianshoubingxu,ganqingshangbicijiejin,gouchengnizhongyou极速飞艇游戏下载 、极速飞艇游戏下载 zhongyouni、sheiyelibukaisheideduoyuanyitikuanshi,shiyigedashitinglichabiechengyuandeganxi。zaizhonghuaminzudashitingzhong,xinjianggeminzubozhongxiangqin、shouwanghuzhu,xiuqixianggan、rongruyugong,peihechuchanhukou,dikangwailaiqinfan,foujueminzugelie,baohuguguotongyi。

四、维吾尔族是颠末持久迁移融会构成的

weiwuerzuxianmindezhutishisuitangqijiandehuiheren,goudangzaimenggugaoyuan,cengyouwuhu、wuhe、yuanhe、weihe、huihedengduozhonghanyichenghao。huihebaochouledidangtujuedezhaquhenuyi,lianxitielezhubuzhongdepugu、tongluodengbugouchenglehuihebuluotongmeng。744nian,tongyilehuihegebudeshoujigulipeiluoshoutangchaofengjue。788nian,huihetongzhizheshangshutangchao,ziqinggaicheng“huigu”。840nian,huiguhanguobeixiajiasigongpo,huigurenchuyijubuqianrubianjiangtonghanrenronghuiwai,qiyufenwei3zhi: yizhiqianwangtulufanpendihejintiandejimusaerdiyu,jianlilegaochanghuiguwangguo;yizhiqianwanghexizoulang,yubendizhuzulaiwangronghui,gouchengyuguzu;yizhiqianwangpamieryixi,housanbuzaizhongyazhijinkashenyidai,yugeluolu、yangmodengbuzuyilujianlilekalahanwangchao。huigurenjiezhongronghuiletulufanpendidehanren、talimupendideyanqiren、guiziren、yutianren、shulerendeng,gouchengjindaiweiwuerzudezhuti。yuanchao,weiwuerzuxianminzaihanyuzhongyouchengweiwuer。yuanmingqijian,xinjianggeminzujinyiburonghui,mengqianrenchugeshichahetaihanguodemengqianrengenjiheweiwuerrenrongweiyiti,weiweiwuerbuchonglexinyingxueye。1934nian,xinjiangshengxuanbudangjuling,jueyitongyicaozongweiwuerzuoweihanwenguifanchenghu,yiweibaohuni极速飞艇游戏下载 lianhe,chuciqiequeshufaleuygurchenghaodebenyi。

hanqingshang,weiwuerzuxianminshoutujuerennuyi,erzheshibeinuyihenuyideganxi。weiwuerzuxianminhuihechuqishoutujuetongzhi,zaitangchaorongxingchengchixia,qibingdidangdongtujuehanguo,bingqianhougongmiexitujuehanguo、houtujuehanguo。xitujuehanguoshuaiwanghou,yixiecaozongtujueyuzushuohuadebuluoxiangxiqianyi,cizhongyichengchijiuzhanzhuanxiqianxiaoyaxiya,rongrubendizhuzu。weiwuerrenbushitujuerendehousi。

jindaiyilai,yixie“fantujuezhuyi”fenziyixiqiandejubucaozongtujueyuzushuohuadebuluorongrubendizhuzuweinieci,bacaozongtujueyuzushuohuadegeminzudoushuochengshitujueren,zheishibieyouyongxinde。yuzuheminzushilianggechabiedegainian,youzheshizhidequfen。zhongguocaozongtujueyuzushuohuadeyouweiwuer、hasake、keerkezi、wuzibieke、tataer、yugu、saladengminzu,tamendoujubeigezihanqinghewenmingtezhi,haobushisuowei“tujuezu”degouchengjubu。

五、新疆各民族文明是中汉文明的构成局部

zhonghuaminzujubei5000duoniandewenmingchengzhangshi,geminzupeihedizaoleyouzhangdezhongguohanqing、canbaodezhonghanwenming。qinhanxiongfeng、shengtangqixiangxingxiang、kangqianluanshi,shigeminzupeihezhujiudeguanghui。duominzuduowenmingshizhongguodeyidatedian,yeshiguoduchengzhangdeshouyaonengyuan。

ziguyilai,yinweidiyuchabiehediyuchengzhangbujunheng,zhonghanwenjiaozhexianfengshuodeduoyuanzhuangkuang,cunzainanbei、gongjuchabie。nianlingzhanguoqijian,gejutediandediyuwenmingyidazhigoucheng。qinhanjinhou,lijinggedai,zaizhongguoguangkuandeheshanshang,jingyoujinchengqianyi、juhe、zhandou、heqin、tongshangdeng,geminzuwenmingbushitingzhijiaohuanronghui,zhongjiugouchengqixiangxingxianghuihongdezhonghanwenming。

zaozai2000duonianqian,xinjiangdiyubianshizhonghanwenmingxiangxikaifangdeliupai,shidongdongfangwenmingjiaohuanchuanbudezhongdi,zheiliduoyuanwenmingjuji、duozhongwenmingbingcun。huaxiawenminghexiyuwenmingchijiujiaohuanronghui,jibiancelexinjianggeminzuwenmingdechengzhang,yezengjinleduoyuanyitidezhonghanwenmingchengzhang。xinjianggeminzuwenmingcongyilutoujiudashanglezhonghanwenmingdeyinji。zhonghanwenmingyixiangshixinjianggeminzudeganqingyikao、xinlingguisuhejingliguli,yeshixinjianggeminzuwenmingchengzhangdenengyuanyuanquan。

huaxiayuxiyudejingjiwenmingjiaohuanshiyuxianqinqijian。daohanchao,hanyuyichengweixiyuguanfuwenshuzhongdetongyongyuzhiyi,pipa、qiangdidengleqiyouxiyuhuojingyoujinchengxiyuchuanruhuaxia,huaxianongyechuchanshouyi、lijieguizhi、hanyuceben、yinletiaowudengzaixiyubianjichuanbu。gaochanghuigucaozongtangchaolishu,yixiangyanxudao10shijixiabanqi。tangchaomokecencandeshiju“huamenjiangjunshanhuge,yehefanwangnenghanyu”,shineishixinjiangdiyuminhanshuohuabingyong、wenmingfanhuaqixiangdexiezhao。songchao,tianshannanludeshijiaoyishuyiranchanglong,zhijinrengliuyouduoliangyizhi。xiliaoqijian,qidanrenxunfukalahanwangchao,jiezhixinjiangdiyuhezhongya,dianzhanglifaduoyinxunhuaxiajiuzhi。yuanchao,duoliangweiwuerdengdadouminzuyijubianjianghukou,jinxiucaozonghanyu,youdecanyukejuceyanbingbeirenmingweigejiguanyuan,chuxianleyipizhengzhijia、wenxuejia、yishujia、shixuejia、nongxuejia、fanyijiadeng,wulibiancelexinjianggeminzuwenmingdechengzhang。mingqingqijian,shouyisilanwenmingdeyingxiang,xinjianggeminzuwenmingzaitongyuwaiwenmingjijieshouyoudichudelichengzhongpanhuanchengzhang。jingudaiyilai,zaixinhaifandong、eguoshiyuefandong、wusigoudang、xinminzhuzhuyifandongdouzhengyingxiangxia,xinjianggeminzuwenmingxianggudaizhuanxing,geminzudeguodurentonghezhonghanwenmingrentongdaodaxindegaodu。xinzhongguojianlihou,xinjianggeminzuwenmingjinruqiansuoweiyoudedafanhuadachengchijiujian。hanqingzhengshi,xinjiangdiyudanfanduoyubingyong、jiaohuanpinrengdeqijian,yeshigeminzuwenmingboxing、shehuiqianjindeqijian。jinxiucaozongguodutongyongshuohuabimo,shifanhuachengzhangxinjianggeminzuwenmingdeshouyaohanqinglvli。

xinjianggeminzuwenmingyixiangzhagenzhonghanwenminggaorang,shizhonghanwenmingbukepengfendeyijubu。zaozaiyisilanwenmingchuanruxinjiangzhiqian,baohanweiwuerzuwenmingzaineidexinjianggeminzuwenmingyizaizhonghanwenminggaorangzhongzhifanyemao。yuanzi7shijidealabowenmingxitongdeyisilanwenming,zhidao9shijimo10shijichu,genzheyisilanjiaochuanruxiyucaiduixinjianggeminzuwenmingfashengyingxiang。zongjiaoduiwenmingdeyingxiang,jiyouzhiyuanjieguandeluzi,yeyoujingyoujinchengwenmingdichunaizhizongjiaozhandoudebipotili。zaixinjiang,yisilanjiaohendashuipingshangshijingyoujinchenghouyizhongtilijinru,zheizhishishijiaofengxingqijiandizaodexinjianggeminzuwenmingyishushoudaoyanjunfensui。yisilanwenmingchuanruxinjiang,xinjianggeminzuwenmingjiyoudikang,gengyoutiaoxuanxingjieshouhezhongguohuagexin,jibuzhuanbianshuyuzhonghanwenmingdetezhihezouxiang,yebuzhuanbianshuyuzhonghanwenmingyijubudekeguanxianshi。fashengyu9shijizhi10shijidehaojieshishi《manasi》,dianmokeerkezigeshoushidaichuanchangyujiagong,chengweijinrenjiezhidewenxuejuzhu。15shijiqianhou,mengguzuweilatehaojieshishi《jianggeer》zaixinjiangdiyuzhubugoucheng,yu《manasi》《gesaerwangchuan》yilubeiyuweizhongguodadouminzu3buzuiwenmingdeshishi。weiwuerzuwenxuejiazuofencheng,daibiaozuo《fulecongming》《zhendiderumen》《tujueyudacishu》《shiermukamu》deng,douchengweizhonghanwenmingbaokuzhongdezhenpin,xinjianggeminzuduizhonghanwenmingdegouchenghechengzhangdouzuochulejinxian。

zhonghanwenmingrentongshixinjianggeminzuwenmingfanhuachengzhangzhiji。hanqingshang,danfanzhongjianwangchaoduixinjiangtingzhiyouyongguanli、shehuibubiandeqijian,xinjianggeminzuwenminghehuaxiawenmingdejiaohuanronghuijiutongshun,jingjiwenmingjiufanhuachangwang;danfanxinjianggeminzuwenmingchengxizhonghanwenmingchongrenai、zhongminben、shouchengxin、jiangbianzheng、shanghehe、qiudatongdesiwei,duiduoyuanwenmingjieshouronghui、jianshoubingxu,duoyuanyitidetedianjiuyuejiaozhe,xinjianggeminzuwenmingjiuyueqianjin。xinjianggeminzuwenmingyaofanhuachengzhang,bixuyushijujin,jianlikaifang、rongnalinian,duizhiyuzhonghuageminzuwenmingjiaohuanronghui,yutianxiaduominzuwenmingjiaohuanhujian,fuzhigeminzugongyoujingliguli。

六、新疆向来是多种宗教并存的地域

zhongguoziguyilaibianshiduozongjiaodeguodu,chugouzaoxing、guizhixingjiaoqiangdejidapijiaowai,haicunzaiduoliangdeguanfangchongfeng。chuxuanmenheguanfangchongfengshizhongheshanshengtuzhangdeyiwai,qiyudouyouwaiyangchuanru。xinjiangdiyuxianglaiyeshiduozhongzongjiaochongfengbingcun,yijiaohuoliangjiaoweizhu、duojiaobingcunshixinjiangzongjiaokuanshidehanqingtedian,ronghuigongcunshixinjiangzongjiaoganxidezhiliu。

xinjiangduozhongzongjiaobingcunkuanshigouchengheyanbianlvlilerongzhangdehanqinglicheng。zaozaigongyuanqian4shijizhiqian,xinjiangfengxingdeshiyuanshizongjiao。yuemogongyuanqian1shiji,shijiaochuanruxinjiangdiyu,4shijizhi10shiji,shijiaojinruzhuangshengqijian。tongqi,xianjiaofengxingyuxinjianggedi。zhi16shijimo17shijichu,zangchuanshijiaozaibeijiangdiyuzhubuchanglongqilai。xuanmenyu5shijiqianhouchuanruxinjiang,shouyaoliuxingyutulufan、hamidengdi,zhiqingchaochuanbuzhixinjiangdajubudiyubingyiduhuifu。monijiaohejingjiaoyu6shijijiezhongchuanruxinjiang。10shijizhi14shiji,jingjiaogenzhehuigudengminzuchongfengerchanglong。

9shijimo10shijichu,kalahanwangchaojieguanyisilanjiao,bingyu10shijizhongyexiangchongfengshijiaodeyutianwangguocedong40yunianzongjiaozhandou,11shijichugongmieyutian,bipotuixingyisilanjiao,junshileshijiaozaizheigediyuqianyuniandehanqing。genzheyisilanjiaodebushichuanbu,xianjiao、monijiao、jingjiaodengzongjiaoriyishiwei。14shijizhongye,dongchahetaihanguotongzhizheyizhandoudengbiposhouwan,jiangyisilanjiaozhubutuixingdaotalimupendibeiyuan、tulufanpendihehamiyidai。zhi16shijichu,xinjianggouchengleyiyisilanjiaoweishouyaozongjiao、duozhongzongjiaobingcundekuanshibingyanxuzhijin,benlaibendizhuminchongfengdexianjiao、monijiao、jingjiaodengzhubuxiaoshi,shijiao、xuanmenyirancunzai。17shijichu,weilatemengqianrenjieguanlezangchuanshijiao。yuezi18shijishi,jidujiao、shangdijiao、dongzhengjiaojiezhongchuanruxinjiang。

xinjiangxianyouyisilanjiao、shijiao、xuanmen、jidujiao、shangdijiao、dongzhengjiaodengzongjiao。qingzhensi、jiaotang、miaoyu、daoguandengzongjiaogoudangchanghe2.48wanzuo,zongjiaojiaozhizhiyuan2.93wanren。cizhong,qingzhensi2.44wanzuo,shijiaomiaoyu59zuo,xuanmengongguan1zuo,jidujiaojiaotang(jihuidian)227ge,shangdijiaojiaotang(jihuidian)26ge,dongzhengjiaojiaotang(jihuidian)3zuo。

tongtianxiashangdadadouguoduyiyang,zhongguoduizhizhengjiaofenshouzhunsheng。renhezongjiaobudegansheganyuzhengzhi、gansheganyudangjushiwu,budecaozongzongjiaogansheganyuxingzheng、faling、jiaodao、hunyin、dasuanshengyangdeng,budecaozongzongjiaoguzhangyibanshehuicixu、renwucixu、hukoucixu,budecaozongzongjiaofoujuezhongguogongchandangheshehuizhuyiguizhi、fensuiminzulianheheguodutongyi。

xinjiangzhouquanguancheguoduzongjiaochongfengzizaidexianfazhunsheng,jizunjingchongfengzongjiaodezizai、youzunjingbuchongfengzongjiaodezizai,juebuxukezaixinjiaohebuxinjiao、xinzheileijiaohexinneizhongjiao、xinzheiyijiaopaihexinneiyijiaopaidazhongzhijianjianzaofenzheng。xinjiangyixiangduizhigezongjiaoyigaihuayi,duitongtongzongjiaodengliangqiguan,buzuotanmougezongjiao,yebuqingshimougezongjiao,renhezongjiaobudexiangyouchaochuqiyuzongjiaodechugeweizhi。xinjiangyixiangduizhifalingyanqiandajiahuayi,xinjiaodazhonghebuxinjiaodazhongxiangyouhuayiquanli、shixinghuayiyiwu,buguanshenmeren、nayigeminzu、chongfengshenmezongjiao,zhixushoufa,jiubixuyifachuzhi。

tongdidianshehuixiangshunyingshizongjiaobaocunchengzhangdequxianghejilv。zhongguozongjiaochengzhangdehanqingzhengshi,zhiyaoduizhizhongguohuabiaodemude,zongjiaonengligenghaodiyuzhongguoshehuixiangshunying。xinzhongguojianli70niandehanqingyezhengshi,zongjiaozhiyaoyushehuizhuyishehuixiangshunying,nengliankangchengzhang。bixuduizhizilizilizibanzhunsheng,bimiantongtong“quzhongguohua”pianxiang。bixudinglipeiyuhetichangshisuhuagudaihuadewenminghukoutili,fangqiyubendiaoduidechengguichenggui。bixuhongyangzongjiaozhongguohuadehanqingchuantong,yongshehuizhuyijiaodiandaijiaguanyinling、yongzhonghanwenmingjinrunzhongguogeleizongjiao,jinlibazongjiaojiaoyitongzhonghanwenmingxiangronghui,zidongzhidaobaohanyisilanjiaozaineidegeleizongjiaozouzhongguohuatujing。

七、伊斯兰教不是维吾尔族生成崇奉且独一崇奉的宗教

weiwuerzuxianminzuihouchongfengyuanshizongjiaohesamanjiao,juehoujiezhongchongfengguoxianjiao、shijiao、monijiao、jingjiao、yisilanjiaodeng。tangsongqijian,zaigaochanghuiguwangguoheyutianwangguo,shangzhiwanggongguizu、xiazhidicenggongzhongbianjichongfengshijiao。yuanchao,youduolianghuigurengaixinjingjiao。zhidaojintian,rengyouyixieweiwuerzudazhongchongfengqiyuzongjiao,yeyouhenduorenbuchongfengzongjiao。

yisilanjiaochuanruxinjiangdiyu,yualabodiguoguqiheyisilanjiaoyouxixiangdongkuodayouguan。weiwuerzuchongfengyisilanjiao,bushineishigongzhongzidonggaixinhezhuanxing,ershizongjiaozhandouhetongzhijiecengbipotuixingdechengguo。guranzheileibipobingbuyingxiangjintianzunjingweiwuerzudazhongchongfengyisilanjiaodequanli,dantashiyigehanqingxianshi。yisilanjiaojibushiweiwuerzushengchengchongfengdezongjiao,yebushiduyichongfengdezongjiao。

xinjiangdeweiwuer、hasakedengminzudexianminzaijieguanyisilanjiaolichengzhong,jibaoliulezheixieminzubenlaidechongfenghewenmingchuantong,youjieshoulexinjiangdiyuqiyuminzuhebianjiangdewenming,yixiebenlaidezongjiaokanfa、dianli、fengshangxiqijingyanbiandeyicunxu,bingbiciyingxiang,zhubugouchenglejubeiguangxiandiyutedianheminzutediandexinjiangyisilanjiao。bifang,yisilanjiaobenlaifoujuechongjinganlayiwaiderenherenhuowu,danweiwuerdengminzuzhijinrengyoumazhachongjing,zheishiyisilanjiaowaixianghuazuidianfandebiaoxian。zaimazhashangligaogan、guaqifan、xuanyangpidengfengsu,zeshisamanjiao、shijiaodengduoyuanzongjiaodeyicun。youru,shijianyuqianlongnianjiandeyiningbaitulaqingzhensi、wulumuqishanxidasideng,zaijianzhushijienalebianjiangchuantongliangzhushibuju。zheidoushiyisilanjiaozhongguohuadexiangxibiaoxian。

zhidezhuzhongdeshi,20shiji70nianyuemo80nianyuechuyilai,chugeshiandoujunshihou,shouguojizongjiaojiduzhuyisichaoyingxiang,zongjiaojiduzhuyizaixinjiangzizhangshuzhan,zhishibaokonganshiwuduofapinfa,jixinjiangshehuibubianhegongminxingmingcaichanningjingxingchengjidafengxian。zongjiaojiduzhuyipizhezongjiaowaitao、dazhezongjiaodenghao,guchui“shenquanzhengzhilun”“zongjiaozhishanglun”“yijiaotulun”“shengzhanlun”deng,shanhuobaolikehai,jianzaozuqunduizhi。zongjiaojiduzhuyiyuyisilanjiaodengzongjiaotichangdeaiguo、zhandou、lianhe、zhongdao、kuanda、shanxingdengjiaoyibeidaoerchi,qishizhishifanrenlei、fanshehui、fanwenming、fanzongjiaode。zongjiaojiduzhuyishiduizongjiaodepanni,haobunengbazongjiaojidusiweitongzongjiaotimuchezaiyilu,haobunengyongzongjiaotimulaitizongjiaojidusiweizuoshuoci,haobunengniecichujizongjiaotimuertuiweiduangenzongjiaojidusiweideyiwu。xinjiangjianjieguojilvli,lianxibendiyuxianshi,jienaguoduanbanfa,yifazhankaifankonghequjiduhuadouzheng,fanzhongchongjilebaokongquanshidechangkuangqishi,wulitingzhilezongjiaojidusiweidezizhangshuzhan,zhizulexinjianggezugongminduiningjingdeyinqiedenghou,baozhenglegenjirenquan,baohuleshehuixiediaobubian。xinjiangdefankong、qujiduhuadouzheng,shirenleigongli、wenmingduixiane、manhengdedouzheng,lidanghuodechengchi、zunjinghedongde。guojishangyoudeguodu、gouzaohuoxiao极速飞艇游戏下载 ,tuixingfankongherenquan“liangzhongguifan”,duicihengjiaqiuquanqianze,luanshuobadao,wanzhengweifanlerenleigonglihegenjizhiji,zheishitongtongxihaogongliheqianjinderensuohaobunengchengnuode。

竣事语

hanqingtimushiyanzhongzhunshengtimu。yingyonghanqingweixinzhuyi、bianzhengweixinzhuyidetaidu、gainianhefangshi,zhunqueshuxiguodu、hanqing、minzu、wenming、zongjiaodengtimu,mixinhuifuxinjiangduoshaohanqingtimu,ganxizhonghuaminzudeningjili、xiangxinli,ganxizhongguodetongyiheguoduzhangzhijiuan,ganxidiyuningjing、bubianhechengzhang。

yihou,xinjiangjingjiyanxuchengzhang,shehuixiediaobubian,minshengbushigailiang,wenmingjuehoufanhua,zongjiaodunmuwenrou,gezugongminxiangshiliuziyiyanglaolaolianhezaiyilu,xinjiangchuyuhanqingshangzuihaodefanhuachengchijiujian。jingwaiyouhaoquanshiyu“sanguquanshi”langbeiweijian,wuniehanqing、qujiexianshi,nihanqingchaoshuierdong,qichengguobijiangbeihanqinghegongminsuobiqi。

xinjiangshuyuxinjianggezugongmin,shuyuquanbuzhonghuaminzu。kushouzhonghanwenmingtaidu,chuanchengzhonghanwenmingjiyin,goujiangeminzugongyoujingliguli,shibaohanxinjianggezugongminzaineidequanzhongguogongmindepeiheyiwuhexunqiu。yihou,zaiyixijinpingtongdaoweijiaodiandedangzhongjianwanqiangdailingxia,zaitianxiagongmindeguanhuaichengchixia,xinjianggezugongminzhengzaiweiwancheng“lianggeyibainian”douzhengfangzhenhezhonghuaminzujudahuifudezhongguomengerbuxiejinli,xinjiangdejintianhuijiabeikuajiao,xinjiangdejintianbiranhuijiabeikuajiao!


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